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Mortgage interest rates came down across all terms from a week ago, according to data compiled by Bankrate. Rates for 30-year fixed, 15-year fixed, 5/1 ARMs and jumbo loans all fell.
Mortgage rates have been on a wild ride as of late, with the 30-year fixed now past the once-unthinkable threshold of 7 percent as the Federal Reserve cracks down on inflation.
“The speed with which mortgage rates have increased in recent months has been whiplash-inducing and the cumulative effect — from near 3 percent at the beginning of the year to near 7 percent now — would’ve seemed laughably unlikely at the beginning of the year,” says Greg McBride, chief financial analyst for Bankrate. “Inflation running at 40-year highs will do that.”
The central bank raised rates again at its November meeting — but what comes next is a toss-up. Some anticipate more forward marching for mortgage rates, possibly tapping 8 percent, while others say subsequent Fed hikes have already been accounted for and rates should stabilize. Others see the Fed pulling back at the end of the year.
|Loan term||Today's Rate||Last week||Change|
|30-year mortgage rate||6.45%||6.47%||-0.02|
|15-year mortgage rate||5.67%||5.73%||-0.06|
|5/1 ARM mortgage rate||5.42%||5.45%||-0.03|
|30-year jumbo mortgage rate||6.47%||6.50%||-0.03|
Rates accurate as of January 31, 2023.
These rates are Bankrate's overnight average rates and are based on the assumptions indicated here. Actual rates listed across the site may vary. This story has been reviewed by Suzanne De Vita. All rate data accurate as of Tuesday, January 31st, 2023 at 7:30 a.m.
You can save thousands of dollars over the life of your mortgage by getting multiple offers.
"All too often, some homeowners take the path of least resistance when seeking a mortgage, in part because the process of buying a home can be stressful, complicated and time-consuming," says Mark Hamrick, Bankrate senior economic analyst. "But when we’re talking about the potential of saving a lot of money, seeking the best deal on a mortgage has an excellent return on investment. Why leave that money on the table when all it takes is a bit more effort to shop around for the best rate, or lowest cost, on a mortgage?"
Mortgage rates for home purchase
Today's 30-year mortgage rate dips, -0.02%
The average rate you'll pay for a 30-year fixed mortgage is 6.45 percent, down 2 basis points from a week ago. Last month on the 31st, the average rate on a 30-year fixed mortgage was higher, at 6.60 percent.
At the current average rate, you'll pay $628.78 per month in principal and interest for every $100,000 you borrow. That's down $1.32 from what it would have been last week.
Use Bankrate’s mortgage rate calculator to calculate your monthly payments and see how much you’ll save by adding extra payments. The tool will also help you calculate how much interest you’ll pay over the life of your loan.
15-year fixed mortgage rate falls,-0.06%
The average 15-year fixed-mortgage rate is 5.67 percent, down 6 basis points over the last seven days.
Monthly payments on a 15-year fixed mortgage at that rate will cost approximately $826 per $100k borrowed. That's obviously much higher than the monthly payment would be on a 30-year mortgage at that rate, but it comes with some big advantages: You'll come out several thousand dollars ahead over the life of the loan in total interest paid and build equity much more quickly.
5/1 ARM rate retreats, -0.03%
The average rate on a 5/1 adjustable rate mortgage is 5.42 percent, sliding 3 basis points since the same time last week.
Adjustable-rate mortgages, or ARMs, are mortgage terms that come with a floating interest rate. To put it another way, the interest rate can change intermittently throughout the life of the loan, unlike fixed-rate mortgages. These types of loans are best for people who expect to sell or refinance before the first or second adjustment. Rates could be materially higher when the loan first adjusts, and thereafter.
While borrowers shunned ARMs during the pandemic days of super-low rates, this type of loan has made a comeback as mortgage rates have risen.
Monthly payments on a 5/1 ARM at 5.42 percent would cost about $563 for each $100,000 borrowed over the initial five years, but could climb hundreds of dollars higher afterward, depending on the loan's terms.
Jumbo mortgage interest rate eases, -0.03%
The average rate you'll pay for a jumbo mortgage is 6.47 percent, down 3 basis points from a week ago. A month ago, the average rate on a jumbo mortgage was higher, at 6.55 percent.
At the current average rate, you'll pay a combined $630.10 per month in principal and interest for every $100,000 you borrow. That's a decline of $1.97 from last week.
In summary: How mortgage interest rates have moved
- 30-year fixed mortgage rate: 6.45%, down from 6.47% last week, -0.02
- 15-year fixed mortgage rate: 5.67%, down from 5.73% last week, -0.06
- 5/1 ARM mortgage rate: 5.42%, down from 5.45% last week, -0.03
- Jumbo mortgage rate: 6.47%, down from 6.50% last week, -0.03
Mortgage refinance rates
Current 30 year mortgage refinance rate declines, --0.06%
The average 30-year fixed-refinance rate is 6.46 percent, down 6 basis points over the last week. A month ago, the average rate on a 30-year fixed refinance was higher, at 6.66 percent.
At the current average rate, you'll pay $629.44 per month in principal and interest for every $100,000 you borrow. Compared with last week, that's $3.94 lower.
Rate trends: Where are mortgage rates headed?
The days of sub-3 percent mortgage interest on the 30-year fixed are behind us, and rates have so far risen beyond 7 percent in 2022.
"Low interest rates were the medicine for economic recovery following the financial crisis, but it was a slow recovery so rates never went up very far," says McBride. "The rebound in the economy, and especially inflation, in the late pandemic stages has been very pronounced, and we now have a backdrop of mortgage rates rising at the fastest pace in decades."
Comparing mortgage options
The 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most popular option for homeowners, and this type of loan has a number of advantages, including:
- Lower monthly payment: Compared to a shorter term, such as 15 years, the 30-year mortgage offers lower payments spread over time.
- Stability: With a 30-year mortgage, you lock in a consistent principal and interest payment. Because of the predictability, you can plan your housing expenses for the long term. Remember: Your monthly housing payment can change if your homeowners insurance and property taxes go up or, less likely, down.
- Buying power: With lower payments, you can qualify for a larger loan amount and a more expensive home.
- Flexibility: Lower monthly payments can free up some of your monthly budget for other goals, like saving for emergencies, retirement, college tuition or home repairs and maintenance.
- Strategic use of debt: Some argue that Americans focus too much on paying down their mortgages rather than adding to their retirement accounts. A 30-year fixed mortgage with a smaller monthly payment can allow you to save more for retirement.
That said, shorter-term loans have gained popularity as rates have been historically low. Although they have higher monthly payments compared to 30-year mortgages, there are some big benefits if you can afford the upfront costs. Shorter-term loans can help you achieve:
- Greatly reduced interest costs: Because you pay off the loan faster, you’ll be able to pay less interest overall.
- Lower interest rate: On top of less time for that interest to compound, most lenders price shorter-term mortgages with lower rates.
- Build equity faster: The faster you pay off your mortgage, the faster you’ll own value in your home outright. That’s especially handy if you want to borrow against your property to fund other spending.
- Debt-free sooner: A shorter-term mortgage means you’ll own your house free and clear sooner than you would with a longer-term loan.
How to find the best rates
Mortgage rates can vary widely based on overarching market forces, the loan amount, your location, your financial situation and how eager lenders are to get your business. Remember that the rates we post are market averages -- some people will be quoted higher or lower or that exact rate, and the rate may change daily even at the same lender.
It’s key when you’re looking for a mortgage to shop around and compare and contrast all the terms of your offers, not just the interest rate you’re being quoted. Your best rate and terms may be from an online lender, the bank down the street or perhaps through a mortgage broker. You won’t know unless you shop multiple lenders through multiple channels.
Bankrate is a great place to start, because you can take advantage of our mortgage rate comparison tool and remain current on today's rates. If you’re not happy with the results you see between these pages, you should check with the institution where you do your banking, and other small lenders like credit unions or local banks.
What comes next:
- Getting preapproved for a mortgage
- First-time homebuyer mistakes to avoid
- What's the point of a cash out refinance?
- The difference between APR and interest rate
- How to get the best mortgage rate
- Mortgage calculator
- Mortgage lender reviews
Featured lenders for January 31, 2023
- Direct Home Lending Mortgage Review
- Watermark Home Loans Mortgage Review
- Truist Mortgage Review
- Sebonic Financial Mortgage Review
Are refinance rates up or down today? ›
Today's refinance rates drop - January 30, 2023
The 15-year fixed refi average rate is now 5.71 percent, unchanged from a week ago. The average rate for a 10-year fixed-refinance loan is 5.68 percent, down 6 basis points from a week ago.
In most cases, refinance rates are a bit higher than purchase rates, for instance, cash-out refinance rates are higher because it's considered riskier. Lenders also assess your refinance rate based on factors such as your credit score and the number of assets and liabilities you have.Is refinance rates going down? ›
“Mortgage rates are now at their lowest level since September 2022, and about a percentage point below the peak mortgage rate last fall. As we enter the beginning of the spring buying season, lower mortgage rates and more homes on the market will help affordability for first-time homebuyers,” said Mike Fratantoni.What are refinance rates as of today? ›
- 30-year fixedRate Mortgage layer. Rate 6.000% ...
- 20-year fixedRate Mortgage layer. Rate 5.750% ...
- 15-year fixedRate Mortgage layer. Rate 5.000% ...
- 10y/6m ARMAdjustable-rate mortgage layer variable. Rate 6.125% ...
- 7y/6m ARMAdjustable-rate mortgage layer variable. Rate 5.875% ...
- 5y/6m ARMAdjustable-rate mortgage layer variable. Rate 5.875%
Freddie Mac: Forecasts the average 30-year mortgage to start at 6.6% in Q1 2023 and end at 6.2% in Q4 2023.How high will interest rates go in 2023? ›
The Federal Reserve's projections released after their December meeting showed that in 2023 the bank expects the FFR to average around 5.1 percent.