Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (2022)

Hawthorn trees (Crataegus) are small fruit-bearing deciduous trees with thorny branches, dark green leaves, and clusters of small white pungent flowers. The fruit from hawthorn trees are small red pome fruits that look like clusters of miniature crabapples. Hawthorns are popular ornamental landscape trees that grow in confined spaces where there are poor soil and drainage.

Hawthorn Trees Vs. Mayhaw Trees

Some types of hawthorn trees are called Mayhaw trees – these are the varieties Crataegus aestivalis and Crataegus opaca. Mayhaw trees are midsize fruit trees that are renowned for their berry-like mayhaw fruits that ripen in late April and May. Mayhaw fruits are tart pome fruits that grow up to 1” (2.5 cm) in diameter and look like small crabapples. The small red mayhaw fruits are made into sweet mayhaw jelly that has a hint of tartness.

This article is a complete guide to the most common hawthorn trees growing in garden landscapes. Pictures and descriptions of these flowering trees will help you decide on the best ones for your front or backyard. Additionally, you’ll find out more information about the popular mayhaw trees.

Facts About Hawthorns

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (1)

Hawthorns are flowering deciduous trees with small red fruits

Hawthorn trees are classed as small ornamental trees native to temperate regions in North America and Europe. Depending on the species, hawthorns grow between 15 and 35 ft. (4.5 – 10.5 m) tall. The trees are characterized by their spreading rounded crowns, profusion of flower clusters, and tart fruit.

Hawthorn trees are relatively slow-growing trees that live between 50 and 150 years. The attractive deciduous trees grow in wet soil and thrive in USDA zones 5 through 7. However, some species are cold-hardier. Hawthorns are often grown as specimen lawn trees or street trees.

Hawthorn Leaves

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (2)

Hawthorn leaves and autumn foliage (right)

Hawthorn leaves are generally identified by deeply lobed leaves that are darker green on the upper side and pale green on the underside. Pictures of hawthorn leaves show fine tooth-like serrations on the lobed margins. Hawthorn tree leaf shape is generally ovoid, ovate, or wedge-shaped. Hawthorn leaves measure between 1” and 3” (2.5 – 7.5 cm).

Even when growing in warm regions such as Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas, hawthorn trees drop their leaves before winter. In fall, the dense deciduous foliage turns warm yellow and orange colors.

Hawthorn Flowers

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (3)

Hawthorn flowers are mostly white, but some species have pink flowers

Hawthorn trees are known for their large clusters of creamy-white flowers covering the tree’s thorny branches when it’s in bloom. Hawthorn tree flowers bloom in mid to late spring, providing magnificent floral displays. Each single hawthorn flower has five petals and emits an intense, musky scent.

Hawthorn flowers grow in flat-topped, broad clusters called corymbs.

Depending on the hawthorn species, the flower cluster can be rose or pinkish-red colors. For example, flowers on the Cockspur Hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli) and Black Hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii) are various shades of pink. But most hawthorn trees produce white flowers.

Hawthorn Fruit

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (4)

Hawthorn trees produce berry-like fruits that have tart taste

Fruit from hawthorn trees looks like clusters of small, rounded berry-like fruits that appear from fall until winter. Hawthorn fruits have thick red skin covering creamy-yellow flesh. The fleshy, tangy fruit has between one and five stones in the middle, resembling small peach or apricot stones.

Hawthorn fruits grow between 0.5” and 1” (1.2 – 2.5 cm) in diameter. The fruits are edible; however, hawthorn fruit (including mayhaws) are notoriously sour and too tangy for most people. Hawthorn jams and jellies such as mayhaw jelly are the most common way to consume these fruits.

(Video) Hawthorn Trees

Although hawthorn fruit is more like a pome fruit, they are generally referred to as berries. This is because the small round fruits grow in clusters like many types of berries do. Depending on the Crataegus species, the fruit can be red, yellow, blue, or orange-yellow.

Hawthorn Bark

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (5)

Examples of hawthorn bark. Left: Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum), right: Common Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Hawthorn bark looks gray and usually has shallow fissures and narrow ridges running vertically. You can identify young hawthorn trees by the smooth, gray bark. As hawthorn matures, its bark looks like dark shades of brown that has a rough, fissured texture.

Hawthorn Tree Thorns

Another way to identify hawthorn trees is by their thorny branches. The straight or curved hawthorn thorns typically grow between 1” and 3” (2.5 – 7.5 cm) long. A hawthorn’s sharp, stiff spines can do damage if you’re not careful. Damage from hawthorn thorns can result in bleeding, bacterial infections, or allergic reactions.

Hawthorn Identification

Most species of hawthorn trees look similar, and it’s difficult to tell them apart. Hawthorn species are generally identified by their broadly ovate green lobed leaves, showy clusters of spring flowers, and dangling clusters of small berry-like fruits. Hawthorns are also known for their spreading rounded to conical crown.

Types of Hawthorns (With Pictures)

Let’s look in more detail at the most common types of flowering hawthorn trees that can add beauty and color to your garden landscape.

Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (7)

Common Hawthorn tree (Crataegus monogyna)

The common hawthorn is a small, thorny tree with lobed green leaves, white flowers growing in corymbs, and small red fruits. Also called the may blossom, the common hawthorn is a flowering shrub-like tree that grows between 15 and 45 ft. (5 – 14 m) tall. Common hawthorn trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 7.

The common hawthorn is also known for its thorny branches. Some thorns emerge from the flower buds, and others appear at the end of the shoot. You can also tell this hawthorn species by its grayish thorny bark with thin, vertical fissures.

The common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) grows best in full sun or partial shade and moist, well-drained soil.

Other names for the native European common hawthorn include single-seed hawthorn, hedgerow thorn, quickthorn, and maythorn.

Hawthorn Flowers: The common hawthorn blooms with masses of creamy-white flowers with dainty pink anthers. When blooming in late spring, the flat white sprays cover most of the branches. These hawthorn flowers give off a sweet scent.

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (8)

Common Hawthorn flowers

Hawthorn Fruit: The fruit from the common hawthorn are clusters of edible red berries that measure 0.4” (1 cm). The berry-like fruits look like small crabapples and are on the tree from fall until winter.

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (9)

Common Hawthorn fruit and leaves

(Video) Hawthorn as a Wild Food, in Folklore and the Flower Colour Variants

Hawthorn Leaves: The common hawthorn leaves are obovate shaped with three or four lobes on each side. The dark green leaves are lobed like some species of oak tree leaves. The leaves turn a yellowish-orange in the fall.

Washington Hawthorn (Crataegus phaenopyrum)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (10)

Washington Hawthorn tree (Crataegus phaenopyrum)

The Washington hawthorn is a small multi-stemmed tree with glossy green, ovate leaves, attractive white flowers, and bright red fruits. Also called the Washington thorn, this deciduous tree has a rounded crown with dense, lush foliage. Washington hawthorns grow between 20 and 25 ft. (6 – 7.5 m).

An attractive feature of the Washington hawthorn is its dark gray to brown peeling bark. As the tree ages, the bark develops a scaly appearance and falls off in flakes. This reveals an orange-red inner bark. Like most hawthorns, the bark has thorns on it.

The Washington hawthorn thrives in USDA zones 4 through 8 and is native to the U.S. This versatile ornamental landscape tree grows best in full sun. Mature trees adapt well to dry or moist soils as long as there is adequate draining.

Like most hawthorns, the Washington hawthorn has sharp spines on its branches and trunk. Its shrubby growth means you can prune the tree as a flowering privacy screen or security hedge. Its showy displays of white flowers, stunning fall colors, and red winter berries make this species a popular specimen shade tree.

Due to its attractive, showy flower displays and stunning red fall color, many people describe the Washington hawthorn as one of the most beautiful ornamental hawthorns.

Hawthorn Flowers: The Washington hawthorn is known for its masses of flat-topped clusters of white flowers. The white hawthorn tree blooms from mid-spring until mid-summer. The flowers of this hawthorn species give off an unpleasant scent.

Hawthorn Fruit: The fruit from the Washington hawthorn are small bright red pome clusters appearing from September until November. The glossy berry-like fruits measure up to 0.2” (0.5 cm) wide and have a tangy taste.

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (12)

Washington Hawthorn berries and leaves

Hawthorn Leaves: Washington hawthorn leaves are triangular or ovate shaped and grow 1” to 3” (2.5 – 7.5 cm) long. The lobed leaves have an appearance of small maple leaves. The leaf margins are serrated and have a simple, alternate arrangement on thorny branches. The fall color of Crataegus phaenopyrum is shades of bright red, purple, and orange.

English hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (13)

English Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata ‘Punicea’)

The English hawthorn is a large flowering shrub or small tree with shiny green lobed leaves, masses of pale pink or white flower clusters, and bright or dark red round fruits. Also called the woodland hawthorn or mayflower,Crataegus laevigata grows up to 26 ft. (8 m) tall. The decorative tree grows best in moist, well-draining soils.

(Video) Hawthorn: The Edible Hedgerow

Native to Europe, the English hawthorn thrives in USDA zones 5 through 8.

Other common names for the English hawthorn tree are the smooth hawthorn, Midland hawthorn, and quickset thorn.

Hawthorn Fruit: The fruit from English hawthorn trees are red berry-like pomes that grow in dense clusters. Each small flattened round fruit measures between 0.2” and 0.4” (0.6 – 1 cm).

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (14)

English Hawthorn fruit

Hawthorn Flowers: The English hawthorn’s spring blossoms cover branches with beautiful 5-petaled flowers. The flat-topped corymbs of pale pink or white flowers resemble apple or cherry blossoms.

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (15)

English Hawthorn flowers and leaves

Hawthorn Leaves: The English Hawthorn has glossy green ovate leaves with three to five lobes. Leaves are arranged alternately and measure between 1” and 3” (2.5 – 7.5 cm). English hawthorn leaves don’t have any significant fall color.

Cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (16)

Cockspur Hawthorn tree (Crataegus crus-galli)

The cockspur hawthorn is a small deciduous shade tree or shrub with unlobed, serrated-edged leaves, spectacular white flowers, and red apple-like fruits. This hawthorn species grows between 15 and 35 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) with a rounded, pyramidal shape. It has light gray, smooth bark with slight fissuring.

Like most hawthorns, the cockspur hawthorn has showy, fragrant white flowers. The flowers bloom in spring and give off a pleasant scent that gradually becomes an unpleasant fishy stench.

The Crataegus crus-galli hawthorn species is identifiable by its ovate, glossy, green leaves up to 3” (7.5 cm) long. Unlike other hawthorn trees, the leaves of this species don’t have lobes. The leaves turn various shades of red, orange, and purple in the fall.

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (17)

Cockspur Hawthorn leaves in autumn

Another feature of the cockspur hawthorn is its huge, long thorns. The stiff spines can measure up to 4” (10 cm) long.

Thornless cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (18)

Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn tree (Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis)

(Video) Hawthorn Tree Facts

The thornless cockspur hawthorn tree has the typical identifying features of hawthorns—dense foliage, white flower clusters, and red berries. However, the Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis is unique because it’s a thornless hawthorn variety. You can safely plant this tree in your yard without fear of damage from the thorns.

The thornless cockspur hawthorn thrives in full sun and most types of moist soils. The shrubby tree grows between 20 and 30 ft. (6 – 9 m). However, with regular pruning, you can limit its height. Depending on your landscaping needs, you can grow this hawthorn species as a flowering hedge, privacy screen, or specimen tree.

Chinese Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (19)

Chinese Hawthorn tree (Crataegus pinnatifida)

The Chinese hawthorn is a small shrub-like tree with lobed green leaves, white flower clusters growing as corymbs, and large globular fruits. Chinese hawthorns grow between 15 and 23 ft. (4.5 – 7 m) tall. This low-maintenance tree species has thin gray bark and an irregular, rounded crown.

This identifying feature of the Chinese hawthorn is its large red, edible, apple-like fruits. In Chinese, the tree’s name means “big red fruit,” and the red fruit clusters are some of the largest hawthorn fruits.

Chinese hawthorn leaves are ovate-shaped, with pointed, lobed margins. The leaves grow between 2” and 4” (5 – 10 cm) long and form a dense canopy on the tree. Like most hawthorns, the white corymbs transform the tree into a mass of white flowers during spring.

Black hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (20)

Black hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii) leaves and fruit

The black hawthorn is a compact thorny shrub or tree with fan-shaped serrated leaves, white flowers, and dark purple almost black fruits. As an ornamental landscape tree, the black hawthorn has a rounded crown of spreading branches. The black hawthorn grows between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 8 m) tall and wide.

This hawthorn is known for its glossy, leathery leaves that create a canopy of dense foliage for shade. In fall, the hawthorn leaves turn shades of orange, yellow, or red. Then clusters of bright dark purple or black fruits appear to add color to barren fall and winter landscapes.

The black hawthorn has a natural shrubby growth, making it an ideal hedge plant for a privacy screen or security barrier.

Mayhaw Tree Varieties (Crataegus opaca and Crataegus aestivalis)

Types of Hawthorn Trees With Their Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) (21)

Mayhaw tree fruits are used to make jellies and jams

The two popular types of mayhaw trees—Crataegus aestivalis and Crataegus opaca—grow in swampy areas in the southeastern U.S. Mayhaw trees grow between 12 and 36 ft. (4 – 11 m) and have clusters of pinkish-white flowers and bright red fruits.

The common name of these hawthorn species – mayhaw – is from the fact that the large berry-like fruits or mayhaws ripen in May. Because they are too sour to eat, the mayhaw fruits are collected and used to make mayhaw jellies, preserves, and jams. This sweet yet tangy condiment has a rosy-red color and is popular in southern states.

The Western hawthorn (Crataegus opaca) has oval, dark glossy green leaves, white or pink flowers, and clusters of red apple-like mayhaws.

The May hawthorn (Crataegus aestivalis) has wedge-shaped, lobed green leaves with toothed margins. The white flowers grow singularly or in small clusters. The burgundy-colored mayhaw fruit grows up to 1” (2.5 cm).

How to Plant Hawthorn Trees

Hawthorn trees are easy to grow in most garden landscapes. The versatile ornamental trees adapt well to various types of soil. Most species of hawthorn trees thrive in moist soils; however, they are relatively drought-resistant plants when established.

Hawthorn trees grow best in full sun, and they will tolerate some shade. If you have children in the garden, then it’s best to plant thornless hawthorns. The thorny varieties are excellent shrubs for privacy screens or security hedges. Growing as a small tree, hawthorns are attractive specimen trees for lawns.

Related articles:

(Video) How to Identify a Tree By Leaf, Bark and Fruit | Wood and Lumber Identification for Woodworking

  • Types of Red Berries That Grow on Trees or Shrubs
  • Acacia Trees: Types, Leaves, Flowers, Thorns
  • Types of Locust Trees with Identification Guide

Read Next

Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures)Tree Fertilizers: When and How (Including The Best Tree Fertilizers)Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification (With Pictures)Walnut Trees: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures)

FAQs

How do you identify hawthorn leaves? ›

So Hawthorn leaves quite a distinctive profile. And pattern to them they're there they've got this

What does a hawthorn tree look like in bloom? ›

Hawthorn trees are known for their large clusters of creamy-white flowers covering the tree's thorny branches when it's in bloom. Hawthorn tree flowers bloom in mid to late spring, providing magnificent floral displays. Each single hawthorn flower has five petals and emits an intense, musky scent.

What is a hawthorn tree look like? ›

Hawthorn has long been used as a hedging plant. Mature trees can reach a height of 15m and are characterised by their dense, thorny habit, though they can grow as a small tree with a single stem. The bark is brown-grey, knotted and fissured, and twigs are slender and brown and covered in thorns.

What type of tree is hawthorn? ›

Size: Shrub or small deciduous tree, up to 10m, twigs thorny. Flowers: 5 white petals; anthers (in the middle of the flower) are pink or red. Fruit: Round red “haws” c1cm long.

How many types of hawthorn are there? ›

Hawthorns

What time of year do Hawthorns flower? ›

Flowers and leaves

With blackthorn, it is flowers before leaves, but with the hawthorn, it is leaves before flowers. The blackthorn flowers first around April and the Hawthorn blossoms later, around May. This is why it is also known as the May tree.

Do all hawthorn trees have flowers? ›

Do All Hawthorn Trees Bloom? All hawthorn trees should bloom, but when they bloom, the blooms' color varies depending on the type of tree you have. Most hawthorn trees produce white flowers that grow in clusters. Some varieties of hawthorn trees produce pink flowers instead.

How often does a hawthorn tree flower? ›

About Hawthorn Trees

The hawthorn flowers twice a year and from the flowers comes the fruit. Each flower produces seed, and from the seed, shiny red berries hang in clusters from the tree. The best climate for growing hawthorn trees is in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9.

How tall will a hawthorn tree grow? ›

Hawthorn hedging

Common hawthorn, Crataegus monogyna, is a British native plant that makes a medium-sized hedge up to 3m (10ft) in height. However, it can easily be kept at a lower height of between 1.4-2.5m (5-8ft) if trimmed. Hawthorn has a looser, less formal appearance when trimmed occassionally, or left untrimmed.

Do all hawthorn trees have thorns? ›

The hawthorn changes quickly with the help of hybridization, so there are many varieties, both wild and cultivated. Nearly all of the trees have thorns and flowers, but there is a small handful of varieties that do not possess thorns.

How long do hawthorn trees bloom? ›

The blooms appear in late May or early June and last for 7–10 days. Features somewhat triangular leaves up to 3" long with 3–5 lobes and toothed margins. The leaves unfurl a reddish-purple color, changing to dark green in the summer and then orange, scarlet or purple in the fall.

Which is the smallest hawthorn tree? ›

Crataegus Monogyna Compacta, also called Hawthorn Compacta or Crataegus Monogyna Inermis Compacta, is a unique hybrid cultivar of the native Hawthorn, notable for its dwarf form. Crataegus Monogyna Compacta is a dwarf hybrid introduced in 1907. It is not only much smaller than other Hawthorns.

Where do hawthorn trees grow best? ›

Hawthorn grows best in full sun and average, well-drained soil. Plant nursery-grown trees in early spring or early fall. After planting, water them well and cover the soil around the tree with a 2-inch-thick layer of mulch to prevent weeds and soil-moisture evaporation.

What color are hawthorn flowers? ›

Physical description. Hawthorns are decidious plants with simple leaves that are usually toothed or lobed. The white or pink flowers, usually in clusters, are followed by small applelike pomes that range from red to orange to blue or black.

Is there another name for hawthorn? ›

Hawthorn--Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as haw, thornapple, maythorn, whitethorn.

What are hawthorn trees good for? ›

In the garden, you can use them as a trimmed hedge, as an open hedge or as a small ornamental tree. Hawthorns provide shelter and food for insects, birds, and small mammals. There are many varieties, some with double flowers. They are very decorative and beautiful.

How long does a hawthorn tree live? ›

Hawthorn may be able to live for 400 years, although 250 may be more typical on many sites. All hawthorn will be ancient from 225 years onwards, although many will have ancient characteristics from around 175 years.

How do I identify a tree? ›

Leaf type, shape, appearance, texture and colour are all key characteristics when identifying trees. They are also often the most obvious feature, particularly in spring and summer. The needles and scales of conifers are also considered types of leaves.

What is hawthorn blossom called? ›

Common Hawthorn, also known as May Blossom, Crataegus monogyna, May tree, Quickthorn. The native species Hawthorn in the British Isles, Ireland and Northern Europe.

What does English hawthorn look like? ›

Hawthorn branches have many stout spines and its bark is smooth, pale, and gray. The leaves are alternate, leathery, and deeply lobed. The flowers grow in clusters of 10 – 20, are white with a pink tint, and have 5 petals. The plant also has clusters of single-seeded red berries.

Do hawthorn trees have big roots? ›

Hawthorne does not have a large root system and doesn't drain the soil of nutrients. They can live for over 400 years and have the capacity to flower twice a year, though this obviously depends on weather conditions.

How quickly do hawthorn trees grow? ›

As it grows quickly - between 40-60cm per year - it should be trimmed after flowering, or during the autumn, but you must check for nesting birds before doing so. Hawthorn is available as a bare root, root ball and pot grown plant, as well as instant hedging for immediate impact.

Does hawthorn lose its leaves in winter? ›

Foliage and Bark Description

Alternate foliage is usually serrated, wedge-shaped, oblong or round, depending on type and glossy green in springtime and depending on the variety, changes to orange-red during fall. All types of hawthorn are deciduous, dropping their leaves during winter.

Can you eat hawthorn fruit? ›

Raw hawthorn berries have a tart, slightly sweet taste and make a great on-the-go snack. But try not to eat the seeds. Like apple seeds, they contain the toxin cyanide.

What is the fruit of the hawthorn called? ›

On the back of the hawthorn flower, there is a seed that grows into a green fruit. By the fall, the fruit ripens into a red orb. The fruit is called a haw. Although haws are structurally pomes, they are many times called berries due to their small size.

Why do hawthorn trees smell? ›

The reason behind the stench of the blossoms of common hawthorn, which is native to Britain, really does have a connection to death; the flowers produce trimethylamine, which also happens to be one of the first chemicals released in decaying animal tissue. How lovely!

Does the hawthorn tree smell? ›

Interesting Information About Plant:

The common name literally means thorny hedge. The Washington Hawthorn is the largest of all the Hawthorns and was introduced to the United States from Europe in the late 1700s. It is often multi-trunked and its flowers give off a strong, sweet smell in late spring.

Is hawthorn a tree or bush? ›

Hawthorn (Crataegus) are small to medium trees many of which are suitable for exposed sites and smaller gardens. Dwarf varieties can also be grown as large shrubs in borders.

What does a hawthorn tree symbolize? ›

The Hawthorn is a tree of magical enchantment and is strongly associated with Beltane, the ancient festival celebrating spring. In Celtic mythology it is one of the most sacred trees and symbolises love and protection.

Do bees like hawthorn trees? ›

Hawthorn

Hawthorn tends to blossom around May time. With lovely fragrant flowers that yields a great nectar for bees and the berries will also attract birds to the garden too.

Are there hawthorns without thorns? ›

This Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn is a deciduous tree that features a stunning, umbrella-shaped growth habit, spring flowers, fall fruit, and brilliant orange fall color. It's incredibly versatile in most landscape styles. This is a naturally occurring variety of Cockspur Hawthorn without thorns on its stems.

What animals eat hawthorn berries? ›

Deer and rabbits like to munch on their bark and twigs. Their berry-like fruits (called “pomes” or “haws”) linger on the plant into winter, providing important cold-weather food for black bears, ruffed grouse, cedar waxwings, and numerous other animals.

Do hawthorns have poison? ›

There are no “poisonous” Hawthorns except for the seeds. Many Hawthorns, while not poisonous, are not palatable. Some improve with cooking. The genus has many medicinal uses and is known for its heart support and is actually a beta blocker.

Are hawthorn needles poisonous? ›

Hawthorne thorns are not poisonous. They are however 'aposematic'(initially coloured as a warning to herbivores and humans) and recently researchers(Halpern, Raats, & Lav-Yade, 2007)have discovered that the thorns themselves harbor an array of pathogenic bacteria as yet another defense mechanism.

Is hawthorn poisonous to dogs? ›

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Hawthorn berries are quite safe for your dog to eat and are used in herbal medicine as a tonic for the heart and was traditionally used to help with a number of heart problems.

Can hawthorn trees be grown in pots? ›

The choices for containers are limited but Crataegus monogyna (Hawthorn), Ilex (Holly), Juniperus (Juniper) and Sorbus (Rowan) are all good options.

What zone are hawthorn trees? ›

The climate is most favorable for growing Washington hawthorn trees in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 to 9. While many types of hawthorns are subject to a number of diseases, this type is fairly disease-resistant. Fertilize every other year or so in spring with a balanced fertilizer.

What can hawthorn be confused with? ›

In spring and summer, it can be confused with Blackthorn, however the simplest way to differentiate between them is noting that Hawthorn leaves appear before the blossom, whereas Blackthorn blossoms before the leaves appear, and also earlier in the year (March-May).

Are there hawthorns without thorns? ›

This Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn is a deciduous tree that features a stunning, umbrella-shaped growth habit, spring flowers, fall fruit, and brilliant orange fall color. It's incredibly versatile in most landscape styles. This is a naturally occurring variety of Cockspur Hawthorn without thorns on its stems.

What is hawthorn leaf good for? ›

Hawthorn is used to help protect against heart disease and help control high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Both animal and human studies suggest hawthorn increases coronary artery blood flow, improves circulation, and lowers blood pressure. It has also been used on the skin to treat boils and skin sores.

Are hawthorn leaves edible? ›

Hawthorn's leaves appear before its flowers, which appear in May time. Use as a food The young green leaves have a mild nutty taste and can be used as a salad leaf. Syrups, cordials, preserves and infusions can be made with the flowers, which should be collected when still sweet smelling.

How long does a hawthorn tree live? ›

Hawthorn may be able to live for 400 years, although 250 may be more typical on many sites. All hawthorn will be ancient from 225 years onwards, although many will have ancient characteristics from around 175 years.

Do bees like hawthorn trees? ›

Hawthorn

Hawthorn tends to blossom around May time. With lovely fragrant flowers that yields a great nectar for bees and the berries will also attract birds to the garden too.

Can you eat hawthorn fruit? ›

Raw hawthorn berries have a tart, slightly sweet taste and make a great on-the-go snack. But try not to eat the seeds. Like apple seeds, they contain the toxin cyanide.

Why is my hawthorn tree dying? ›

Growing hawthorn plants comes with its share of problems because they are susceptible to a number of diseases, including apple scab, fire blight, leaf spots, leaf blights, and several types of rust.

Does Green Hawthorn have thorns? ›

About green hawthorn

It is tolerant of air pollution and makes a good choice for urban areas. 'Winter King' has small and inconspicuous thorns, unlike the straight species which can have thorns up to 1.5 inches long.

Does Russian hawthorn have thorns? ›

Russian Hawthorn is usually propagated by seed and there are often variations in the prevalence of thorns. I have seen a few with practically no thorns and some that are quite thorny. The tree is deer resistant.

Which hawthorn tree is medicinal? ›

Hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) is medicine for the heart on all levels. Indigenous to countries across the northern hemisphere, this small thorny tree has a long-recorded history of medicinal use in both Europe and China, as well as in North America.

Can you make tea from hawthorn leaves? ›

Hawthorn Tea – Steep leaves and flowers in boiled water for 15 minutes. The berries are steeped for 15-30 minutes. They can also be boiled for ten minutes but they will lose some of their medicine including Vitamin C. Drink up to three cups a day.

Is hawthorn poisonous to humans? ›

There are no “poisonous” Hawthorns except for the seeds. Many Hawthorns, while not poisonous, are not palatable. Some improve with cooking. The genus has many medicinal uses and is known for its heart support and is actually a beta blocker.

Do hawthorn thorns have poison? ›

Bacterial Infections

Plant pathogens on the thorn have also caused infections in those with hawthorn puncture wounds. In one case, a child developed septic arthritis due to the bacteria Curtobacterium after being punctured by a coxspur hawthorn thorn.

Is hawthorn poisonous to dogs? ›

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)

Hawthorn berries are quite safe for your dog to eat and are used in herbal medicine as a tonic for the heart and was traditionally used to help with a number of heart problems.

Do hawthorn trees have fruit? ›

The hawthorn blossoms delicate flowers in the spring, and produce fruit that look like red orbs, which can be made into delectable jams, jellies, fruit preserves, wine, and other foods. Also called the thornapple or May-tree, the hawthorn is typically used as ornamental trees.

Videos

1. The Hawthorn tree uses, Facts, Folklore & identification 🌲
(Home Is Where Our Heart Is)
2. THE HAWTHORN TREE - what to look for - AV
(ESL and Popular Culture)
3. Identification of the Hawthorn
(Leaf Life Bushcraft)
4. Seven Great Landscape Trees–Family Plot
(Family Plot)
5. New Ornamental Trees for 2021
(KandA Greenhouse)
6. Medicinal Flowers | Benefits of Hawthorn Flowers + Hawthorn Tea Recipe
(Herbs With Rosalee)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Nathanial Hackett

Last Updated: 08/02/2022

Views: 6165

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 83% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Nathanial Hackett

Birthday: 1997-10-09

Address: Apt. 935 264 Abshire Canyon, South Nerissachester, NM 01800

Phone: +9752624861224

Job: Forward Technology Assistant

Hobby: Listening to music, Shopping, Vacation, Baton twirling, Flower arranging, Blacksmithing, Do it yourself

Introduction: My name is Nathanial Hackett, I am a lovely, curious, smiling, lively, thoughtful, courageous, lively person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.